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Control chart

Process control tool to determine if a manufacturing process is in a state of control / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Control charts is a graph used in production control to determine whether quality and manufacturing processes are being controlled under stable conditions. (ISO 7870-1)[1] The hourly status is arranged on the graph, and the occurrence of abnormalities is judged based on the presence of data that differs from the conventional trend or deviates from the control limit line. Control charts are classified into Shewhart individuals control chart (ISO 7870-2)[2] and CUSUM(CUsUM)(or cumulative sum control chart)(ISO 7870-4).[3]

Quick facts: Control chart, One of the Seven basic tools o...
Control chart
One of the Seven basic tools of quality
First described byWalter A. Shewhart
PurposeTo determine whether a process should undergo a formal examination for quality-related problems

Control charts, also known as Shewhart charts (after Walter A. Shewhart) or process-behavior charts, are a statistical process control tool used to determine if a manufacturing or business process is in a state of control. It is more appropriate to say that the control charts are the graphical device for Statistical Process Monitoring (SPM). Traditional control charts are mostly designed to monitor process parameters when the underlying form of the process distributions are known. However, more advanced techniques are available in the 21st century where incoming data streaming can-be monitored even without any knowledge of the underlying process distributions. Distribution-free control charts are becoming increasingly popular.