Capital and largest city of Denmark / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Copenhagen (/ˌkpənˈhɡən, -ˈhɑː-/ KOH-pən-HAY-gən, -HAH- or /ˈkpənhɡən, -hɑː-/ KOH-pən-hay-gən, -hah-;[8] Danish: København [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwˀn] ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with a population of around 660,000 in the municipality and 1.4 million in the urban area.[9][10] The city is on the islands of Zealand and Amager, separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the Øresund strait. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

Quick facts: Copenhagen København (Danish), Count...
København (Danish)
City of Copenhagen
Byen København (Danish)
Copenhagen is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Copenhagen is located in Scandinavia
Location within Scandinavia
Copenhagen is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 55°40′34″N 12°34′06″E
CountryFlag_of_Denmark.svg Denmark
RegionFlag_of_the_Capital_Region_of_Denmark.svg Capital
MunicipalitiesCoat_of_arms_of_Copenhagen.svg Copenhagen
Drag%C3%B8r_Kommune_sjield.png Dragør
Coat_of_arms_of_Frederiksberg.svg Frederiksberg
T%C3%A5rnby_Kommune_shield.png Tårnby
  City90.01 km2 (34.75 sq mi)
525.50 km2 (202.90 sq mi)
3,371.80 km2 (1,301.86 sq mi)
  Øresund Region20,754.63 km2 (8,013.41 sq mi)
Highest elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Lowest elevation
1 m (3 ft)
 (1 July 2022)[3][4][5][6]
  Density7,298/km2 (18,900/sq mi)
  Urban density2,560.54/km2 (6,631.8/sq mi)
  Metro density633.38/km2 (1,640.4/sq mi)
  Øresund Region
  Øresund Region density199.28/km2 (516.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
1050–1778, 2100, 2150, 2200, 2300, 2400, 2450, 2500
Area code(+45) 3

Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. From the 17th century, it became a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences, and armed forces. During the Renaissance the city was the de facto capital of the Kalmar Union and the seat of monarchy, governing most of the present day Nordic region in a union with Sweden and Norway ruled by the Danish monarch serving as the head of state. The city flourished as the cultural and economic centre of Scandinavia under the union for over 120 years, from the 15th century until the early 16th century when Sweden left the union through a rebellion. After a plague outbreak and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent redevelopment. This included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding cultural institutions including the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After disasters in the early 19th century when the British Royal Navy attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. After the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing and businesses along the five urban railway routes emanating from the city centre.

Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. Copenhagen's economy has developed rapidly in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology, pharmaceuticals and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. With several bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades, and waterfronts. Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle, Frederik's Church, Børsen and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.

Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School, and the IT University of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the football clubs F.C. Copenhagen and Brøndby IF. The annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world.

Movia is the public mass transit company serving all of eastern Denmark, except Bornholm. The Copenhagen Metro, launched in 2002, serves central Copenhagen. Additionally, the Copenhagen S-train, the Lokaltog (private railway), and the Coast Line network serve and connect central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2.5 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the busiest airport in the Nordic countries.

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