Crown of Aragon
Composite monarchy (1164–1707) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Crown of Aragon (UK: /ˈærəɡən/ ARR-ə-gən, US: /-ɡɒn/ -gon)[nb 1] was a composite monarchy ruled by one king, originated by the dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona and ended as a consequence of the War of the Spanish Succession. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean empire which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388).
Crown of Aragon
|Capital||See Capital below|
|Common languages||Official languages:|
Catalan, Aragonese, Latin
Occitan, Sardinian, Corsican, Neapolitan, Sicilian, Castilian, Basque, Greek, Maltese, Andalusian Arabic, Mozarabic
Roman Catholic (official)
Sunni Islam, Sephardic Judaism, Greek Orthodoxy
|Government||Feudal monarchy subject to pacts|
• 1164-1196 (first)
• 1700–1707 (last)
|Historical era||Middle Ages / Early modern period|
• Union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona
• Conquest of the Kingdom of Valencia
|19 October 1469|
|1300||120,000 km2 (46,000 sq mi)|
|1 000 000|
The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes, particularly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia, the Kingdom of Majorca, and the Kingdom of Valencia. The larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name.
In 1479, a new dynastic union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains", led to what would become the Spanish composite monarchy under Habsburg monarchs. The Aragonese Crown continued existing until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1707-1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.