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Capital city of Paraná, Brazil / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Curitiba (Brazilian Portuguese: [kuɾiˈtʃibɐ]) is the capital and largest city in the state of Paraná in Southern Brazil. The city's population was 1,963,726 as of 2021, making it the eighth most populous city in Brazil and the largest in Brazil's South Region.[1] The Curitiba Metropolitan area comprises 29 municipalities with a total population of over 3,731,769 (IBGE estimate in 2021),[4] making it the ninth most populous metropolitan area in the country.

Quick facts: Curitiba, Country, Region, State, Founded...
Município de Curitiba
Municipality of Curitiba
Panoramic view of the city.
Tanguá Park
Barigui Park
Cidade Modelo ("Model City"); Capital Ecológica do Brasil ("Ecological Capital of Brazil"); Cidade Verde ("Green City"); Capital das Araucárias ("Capital of Araucarias"); A Cidade da Névoa Eterna ("The City of Eternal Fog")
A Cidade da Gente (Our City; The People's City)
Location of Curitiba
Curitiba is located in Brazil
Curitiba is located in South America
Coordinates: 25°25′47″S 49°16′16″W
CountryFlag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil
StateBandeira_do_Paran%C3%A1.svg Paraná
Founded29 March 1693
  MayorRafael Greca (PSD)
  Municipality430.9 km2 (166.4 sq mi)
319.4 km2 (123.3 sq mi)
15,416.9 km2 (5,952 sq mi)
934.6 m (3,066.3 ft)
 (2021 [1])
  Municipality1,963,726 (8th)
  Density4,062/km2 (10,523/sq mi)
3,731,769 (9th)
  Metro density210.9/km2 (546.2/sq mi)
Demonymin Portuguese: Curitibana/e/o[1]
GDP (PPP, constant 2015 values)
  Total$77.8 billion[2]
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
Postal code
80000-000 to 82999-999
Area code+55 (41)
HDI (2010)0.823 – very high[3]
Major airportAfonso Pena International Airport
Federal HighwaysBR-116.svg BR-277.svg BR-376_%28escudo%29.svg BR-476.svg (in Portuguese)

The city sits on a plateau at 932 m (3,058 ft) above sea level. It is located west of the seaport of Paranaguá and is served by the Afonso Pena International and Bacacheri airports. Curitiba is an important cultural, political, and economic center in Latin America[5] and hosts the Federal University of Paraná, established in 1912.

In the 19th century, Curitiba's favorable location between cattle-breeding countryside and marketplaces led to a successful cattle trade and the city's first major expansion. Later, between 1850 and 1950, it grew due to logging and agricultural expansion in Paraná State (first Araucaria angustifolia logging, later mate and coffee cultivation and in the 1970s wheat, corn and soybean cultivation). In the 1850s, waves of European immigrants arrived in Curitiba, mainly Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians, contributing to the city's economic and cultural development and richness in diversity.[6] Nowadays, only small numbers of immigrants arrive, primarily from Middle Eastern[7] and other South American countries.

Curitiba's biggest expansion occurred after the 1960s, with innovative urban planning that allowed the population to grow from some hundreds of thousands to more than a million people.[8] Curitiba's economy is based on industry and services and is the fourth largest in Brazil.[citation needed] Economic growth occurred in parallel to a substantial inward flow of Brazilians from other parts of the country, as approximately half of the city's population was not born in Curitiba.[9]

Curitiba is one of the few Brazilian cities with a very high Human Development Index (0.856) and in 2010 it was awarded the Global Sustainable City Award, given to cities and municipalities that excel in sustainable urban development.[10] According to US magazine Reader's Digest, Curitiba is the best "Brazilian Big City" in which to live.[11][12] Curitiba's crime rate is considered low by Brazilian standards and the city is considered one of the safest cities in Brazil for youth.[13] The city is also regarded as the best in which to invest in Brazil.[14] Curitiba was one of the host cities of the 1950 FIFA World Cup, and again for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Despite its good social indicators, the city has a higher unemployment rate than other cities in the state.[15]

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