Demetrius I of Bactria

2nd century BC Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek king / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Demetrius I Anicetus (Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος Ἀνίκητος, romanized: Dēmētrios Anikētos, "the unconquered"), also called Damaytra was a Greco-Bactrian and later Indo-Greek king (Yona in Pali language, "Yavana" in Sanskrit) (reigned c. 200–167 BC), who ruled areas from Bactria to ancient northwestern India. He was the son of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom's ruler Euthydemus I and succeeded him around 200 BC, after which he conquered extensive areas in what is now southern Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan and India.[3]

Quick facts: Demetrius I, King of Bactria, Reign, Predeces...
Demetrius I
King of Kings,[1] Basileus
Coin of Demetrius wearing an elephant skin headdress (in spirit of Alexander), on the reverse, Heracles is shown crowning himself and holding lion skin, legend ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ.
King of Bactria
Reignc.200 – c.180 BC[2]
PredecessorEuthydemus I
SuccessorEuthydemus II
Indo-Greek king
Reignc. 200-180 BC
PredecessorPosition Established
Bornc. 222 BC
Diedc. 167 BC
SpouseDaughter of Antiochus III
FatherEuthydemus I

He was never defeated in battle and was posthumously referred to as "the Unconquered" (Aniketos) on the pedigree coins of his successor Agathocles.[4] Demetrius I may have been the initiator of the Yavana era, starting in 186–185 BC, which was used for several centuries thereafter.

"Demetrius" was the name of at least two and probably three Bactrian kings. The much debated Demetrius II was a possible relative, whereas Demetrius III (c.100 BC), is known only from numismatic evidence.