cover image


Longest river of Ukraine and Belarus / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Dnieper?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


The Dnieper (/(də)ˈnpər/)[lower-alpha 1], also called Dnipro (/dəˈnpr/)[lower-alpha 2], is one of the major transboundary rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after the Volga, Danube, and Ural rivers.[2] It is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi) long,[3] with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi).

Quick facts: Dnieper, Native name, Location, Countries, Ci...
Dnieper Reservoir downstream from Dnipro city, Ukraine
Dnieper River drainage basin
Native name
  • Russia
  • Belarus
  • Ukraine
Physical characteristics
  locationValdai Hills, Russia
  coordinates55°52′18.08″N 33°43′27.08″E
  elevation220 m (720 ft)
MouthDnieper Delta
46°30′00″N 32°20′00″E
0 m (0 ft)
Length2,201 km (1,368 mi)
Basin size504,000 km2 (195,000 sq mi)
  average1,670 m3/s (59,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
  leftSozh, Desna, Trubizh, Supiy, Sula, Psel, Vorskla, Samara, Konka, Bilozerka
  rightDrut, Berezina, Pripyat, Teteriv, Irpin, Stuhna, Ros, Tiasmyn, Bazavluk, Inhulets
Protection status
Official nameDnieper River Floodplain
Designated29 May 2014
Reference no.2244[1]

In antiquity, the river was part of the Amber Road trade routes. During the Ruin in the later 17th century, the area was contested between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia, dividing Ukraine into areas described by its right and left banks. During the Soviet period, the river became noted for its major hydroelectric dams and large reservoirs. The 1986 Chernobyl disaster occurred on the Pripyat River, a tributary of the Dnieper, just upstream from its confluence with the Dnieper. The Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected by the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe. During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, certain segments of the river are part of the defensive lines between territory controlled by Russians and Ukrainians.[4][5][6]