1634–1755 Oirat Mongol khanate in Dzungaria / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Dzungar Khanate, also written as the Zunghar Khanate, was an Inner Asian khanate of Oirat Mongol origin. At its greatest extent, it covered an area from southern Siberia in the north to present-day Kyrgyzstan in the south, and from the Great Wall of China in the east to present-day Kazakhstan in the west. The core of the Dzungar Khanate is today part of northern Xinjiang, also called Dzungaria.
|Common languages||Oirat, Chagatai|
|Khan or Khong Tayiji|
|Erdeni Batur (first)|
|Galdan Boshugtu Khan|
|Tsewang Dorji Namjal|
|Historical era||Early modern period|
|The first Russian record of Khara Khula|
|Galdan receives the title of Boshogtu khan from the 5th Dalai Lama|
|The Dzungar invasion of the Khalkha|
|Beginning of the Dzungar–Qing War, Battle of Ulan Butung|
|Qing army occupation of Dzungaria and genocide|
|1650||3,600,000 km2 (1,400,000 sq mi)|
|Currency||pūl (a red copper coin)|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Зүүнгарын хаант улс|
ᠭᠠᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨᠲᠣ
About 1620 the western Mongols, known as the Oirats, united in Dzungaria. In 1678, Galdan received from the Dalai Lama the title of Boshogtu Khan, making the Dzungars the leading tribe within the Oirats. The Dzungar rulers used the title of Khong Tayiji, which translates into English as "crown prince". Between 1680 and 1688, the Dzungars conquered the Tarim Basin, which is now southern Xinjiang, and defeated the Khalkha Mongols to the east. In 1696, Galdan was defeated by the Qing dynasty and lost Outer Mongolia. In 1717 the Dzungars conquered Tibet, but were driven out a year later by the Qing. In 1755, Qing China took advantage of a Dzungar civil war to conquer Dzungaria and destroyed the Dzungars as a people. The destruction of the Dzungars led to the Qing conquest of Mongolia, Tibet, and the creation of Xinjiang as a political administrative unit.