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E. O. Wilson

American biologist, naturalist, and writer (1929–2021) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Edward Osborne Wilson (June 10, 1929 – December 26, 2021) was an American biologist, naturalist, and writer. His specialty was myrmecology, the study of ants. According to David Attenborough he was the world's leading expert.[3] He was nicknamed the "ant man".[4][5]

Quick facts: E. O. Wilson, Born, Died, Education, Known&nb...
E. O. Wilson
Wilson in 2003
Edward Osborne Wilson

(1929-06-10)June 10, 1929
DiedDecember 26, 2021(2021-12-26) (aged 92)
Known for
Scientific career
ThesisA Monographic Revision of the Ant Genus Lasius (1955)
Doctoral advisorFrank M. Carpenter
Doctoral students
InfluencesWilliam Morton Wheeler[2]

Wilson has been called "the father of sociobiology" and "the father of biodiversity"[6] for his environmental advocacy, and his secular-humanist and deist ideas pertaining to religious and ethical matters.[7] Among his contributions to ecological theory is the theory of island biogeography (developed in collaboration with the mathematical ecologist Robert MacArthur), which served as the foundation of the field of conservation area design, as well as the unified neutral theory of biodiversity of Stephen P. Hubbell.

Wilson was the Pellegrino University Research Professor Emeritus in Entomology for the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University, a lecturer at Duke University,[8] and a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. The Royal Swedish Academy awarded Wilson the Crafoord Prize. He was a humanist laureate of the International Academy of Humanism.[9][10] He was a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction (for On Human Nature in 1979, and The Ants in 1991) and a New York Times bestselling author for The Social Conquest of Earth,[11] Letters to a Young Scientist,[11][12] and The Meaning of Human Existence.