Estonian War of Independence

War between Estonia and Soviet Russia in 1918–1920 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Estonian War of Independence[lower-alpha 2], also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the United Kingdom, against the Bolshevik westward offensive of 1918–1919 and the 1919 aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr. The campaign was the struggle of the newly established democratic nation of Estonia for independence in the aftermath of World War I. It resulted in a victory for Estonia and was concluded in the 1920 Treaty of Tartu.

Estonian War of Independence
Part of Russian Civil War
Date28 November 1918 – 2 February 1920
(1 year, 2 months and 5 days)
Estonia, Latvia, Northwestern Russia
Result Estonian victory
Independence of Estonia
Vidzeme gained by the Republic of Latvia

Flag_of_Estonia.svg Estonia

Flag_of_Latvia.svg Latvia
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russian White Movement

Flag_of_the_Russian_Soviet_Federative_Socialist_Republic_%281918%E2%80%931925%29.svg Russia

Baltic_German.svg Baltische Landeswehr
Flag_of_the_Iron_Division_Freikorps.svg Freikorps
Commanders and leaders
Estonia Johan Laidoner Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Jukums Vācietis German Empire Rüdiger von der Goltz

7 January 1919: 4,450[1]–16,500[2]


May 1919: 86,000
7 January 1919: 5,750–7,250[1]
26 assault guns
3 armoured cars
1 armoured train
141 machine guns[1]

May 1919: 80,000[6]
June 1919: 20,000[6]
Casualties and losses
3,588 killed[7][8]
15,000 injured[6]
10,000 captured[9]
400 killed
1,500 wounded[10]