Evidence-based pharmacy in developing countries

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Many developing nations have developed national drug policies, a concept that has been actively promoted by the WHO. For example, the national drug policy for Indonesia[1] drawn up in 1983 had the following objectives:

  • To ensure the availability of drugs according to the needs of the population.
  • To improve the distribution of drugs in order to make them accessible to the whole population.
  • To ensure efficacy, safety quality and validity of marketed drugs and to promote proper, rational and efficient use.
  • To protect the public from misuse and abuse.
  • To develop the national pharmaceutical potential towards the achievements of self-reliance in drugs and in support of national economic growth.

To achieve these objectives in Indonesia, the following changes were implemented: