Suborder of carnivores / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Feliformia is a suborder within the order Carnivora consisting of "cat-like" carnivorans, including cats (large and small), hyenas, mongooses, viverrids, and related taxa. Feliformia stands in contrast to the other suborder of Carnivora, Caniformia (also Canoidea, "dog-like" carnivorans).[1]

Quick facts: Feliforms Temporal range 40–0 Ma PreꞒ ...
Temporal range: 40–0 Ma Middle Eocene-Holocene
Clockwise from top-left: Fossa (family Eupleridae), Leopard (family Felidae), Stripe-necked mongoose (family Herpestidae), African civet (family Viverridae), Two-spotted palm civet (family Nandiniidae), Spotted hyena (family Hyaenidae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Kretzoi, 1945

The separation of the Carnivora into the broad groups of feliforms and caniforms is widely accepted, as is the definition of Feliformia and Caniformia as suborders (sometimes superfamilies). The classification of feliforms as part of the Feliformia suborder or under separate groupings continues to evolve.

Systematic classifications dealing with only extant taxa include all feliforms into the Feliformia suborder, though variations exist in the definition and grouping of families and genera.[2][3] Indeed, molecular phylogenies suggest that all extant Feliformia are monophyletic.[4]

Systematic classifications dealing with both extant and extinct taxa vary more widely.[5][6] Some separate the feliforms (extant and extinct) as Aeluroidea (superfamily) and Feliformia (suborder).[6] Others include all feliforms (extant, extinct and "possible ancestors") into the Feliformia suborder.[5] Some studies suggest this inclusion of "possible ancestors" into Feliformia (or even Carnivora) may be spurious.[7] The extinct (†) families as reflected in the taxa chart are the least problematic in terms of their relationship with extant feliforms (with the most problematic being Nimravidae).