Portion of a solid that lies between two parallel planes cutting this solid. / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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In geometry, a frustum (Latin for 'morsel');[lower-alpha 1] PL frusta or frustums) is the portion of a solid (normally a pyramid or a cone) that lies between two parallel planes cutting this solid. In the case of a pyramid, the base faces are polygonal and the side faces are trapezoidal. A right frustum is a right pyramid or a right cone truncated perpendicularly to its axis; otherwise, it is an oblique frustum.
|Set of pyramidal right n-gonal frustums|
|Faces||n isosceles trapezoids, 2 regular n-gons|
|Symmetry group||Cnv, [1,n], (*nn)|
|Dual polyhedron||convex asymmetric right n-gonal bipyramid|
|Example: net of right trigonal frustum (n = 3)|
If all its edges are forced to become of the same length, then a frustum becomes a prism (possibly oblique or/and with irregular bases).
In computer graphics, the viewing frustum is the three-dimensional region which is visible on the screen. It is formed by a clipped pyramid; in particular, frustum culling is a method of hidden-surface determination.
In the aerospace industry, a frustum is the fairing between two stages of a multistage rocket (such as the Saturn V), which is shaped like a truncated cone.