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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

Union republic of the Soviet Union / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian: საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა, romanized: sakartvelos sabch'ota sotsialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Russian: Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика, romanized: Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Georgia, the Georgian SSR, or simply Georgia, was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its second occupation (by Russia) in 1921 to its independence in 1991. Coterminous with the present-day republic of Georgia, it was based on the traditional territory of Georgia, which had existed as a series of independent states in the Caucasus prior to the first occupation of annexation in the course of the 19th century. The Georgian SSR was formed in 1921 and subsequently incorporated in the Soviet Union in 1922. Until 1936 it was a part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, which existed as a union republic within the USSR. From November 18, 1989, the Georgian SSR declared its sovereignty over Soviet laws. The republic was renamed the Republic of Georgia on November 14, 1990, and subsequently became independent before the dissolution of the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991, whereupon each former SSR became a sovereign state.

Quick facts: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republicსაქართველოს...
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა (Georgian)
Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
Flag (1951–1990)
State emblem
Anthem of the Georgian SSR

Location of Georgia (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusIndependent state (1921–1922)
Part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (1922–1936)
Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)
41°43′21″N 44°47′33″E
Common languagesGeorgian
State atheism
First Secretary 
 19211922 (first)
Mamia Orakhelashvili
 19891990 (last)[1]
Givi Gumbaridze
Head of state 
 19221923 (first)
Filipp Makharadze
 19901991 (last)
Zviad Gamsakhurdia
Head of government 
 1922 (first)
Polikarp Mdivani
 1991 (last)
Besarion Gugushvili
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
25 February 1921
25 February 1921
30 December 1922
 TSFSR dissolved
5 December 1936
 Sovereignty declared
18 November 1989
 Renamed to Republic of Georgia
14 November 1990
9 April 1991
 Independence recognized
26 December 1991
CurrencySoviet rouble (Rbl) (SUR)
Calling code7 881/882/883
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic
Today part ofArmenia
Order of the Red Banner of the Georgian SSR, 1923

Geographically, the Georgian SSR was bordered by Turkey to the south-west and the Black Sea to the west. Within the Soviet Union it bordered the Russian SFSR to the north, the Armenian SSR to the south and the Azerbaijan SSR to the south-east.