The German Shepherd[lower-alpha 1] or Alsatian is a German breed of working dog of medium to large size. The breed was developed by Max von Stephanitz using various traditional German herding dogs from 1899.

Quick facts: German Shepherd, Other names, Origin, Traits,...
German Shepherd
Adult male
Other names
  • Alsatian
  • Alsatian Wolf Dog
  • Berger Allemand
  • Deutscher Schäferhund
  • Altdeutsche Schäferhunde
Height Dogs
60–65 cm (24–26 in)[1]
55–60 cm (22–24 in)[1]
Weight Dogs
30–40 kg (66–88 lb)[1]
22–32 kg (49–71 lb)[1]
Coat Double coat
Colour Tan with black saddle, sable, solid black or bi-colour
Litter size 4–9
Life span 9–13
Kennel club standards
VDH standard
Fédération Cynologique Internationale standard
Dog (domestic dog)

It was originally bred as a herding dog, for herding sheep. It has since been used in many other types of work, including disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police work, and warfare. It is commonly kept as a companion dog, and according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale had the second-highest number of annual registrations in 2013.[2]