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Municipal-level administrative division of Poland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The gmina (Polish: [ˈɡmʲina], plural gminy [ˈɡmʲinɨ]) is the principal unit of the administrative division of Poland, similar to a municipality.[1] As of 1 January 2019, there were 2,477 gminas throughout the country, encompassing over 43,000 villages. 940 gminas include cities and towns, with 302 among them constituting an independent urban gmina (Polish: gmina miejska) consisting solely of a standalone town or one of the 107 cities, the latter governed by a city mayor (prezydent miasta).[2]

Division of Poland into gminy

The gmina has been the basic unit of territorial division in Poland since 1974, when it replaced the smaller gromada (cluster). Three or more gminas make up a higher level unit called powiat, except for those holding the status of a city with powiat rights. Each and every powiat has the seat in a city or town, in the latter case either an urban gmina or a part of an urban-rural one.

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