Goh Chok Tong

2nd Prime Minister of Singapore from 1990 to 2004 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Goh Chok Tong SPMJ AC (Chinese: 吴作栋; pinyin: Wú Zuòdòng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Gô͘ Chok-tòng; born 20 May 1941) is a Singaporean former politician who served as Prime Minister of Singapore between 1990 and 2004, as a member of the People's Action Party, he served as Secretary-General of the PAP between 1992 and 2004. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Marine Parade SMC between 1976 and 1988, and Marine Parade GRC between 1988 and 2020.

Quick facts: Goh Chok TongSPMJ AC, 2nd Prime Minister of S...
Goh Chok Tong
Goh in 2001
2nd Prime Minister of Singapore
In office
28 November 1990  12 August 2004
PresidentWee Kim Wee
Ong Teng Cheong
S. R. Nathan
DeputyOng Teng Cheong
Lee Hsien Loong
Tony Tan
Preceded byLee Kuan Yew
Succeeded byLee Hsien Loong
Secretary-General of the People's Action Party
In office
15 November 1992[1]  6 November 2004[2]
Preceded byLee Kuan Yew
Succeeded byLee Hsien Loong
Member of Parliament
for Marine Parade
In office
23 December 1976  23 June 2020
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byTan See Leng (PAP)
ConstituencyMarine Parade SMC
Marine Parade GRC
Senior positions
Senior Minister of Singapore
In office
12 August 2004  20 May 2011
Serving with S. Jayakumar (2009–2011)
Preceded byLee Kuan Yew
Succeeded byTeo Chee Hean (2019)
Tharman Shanmugaratnam (2019)
Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore
In office
20 August 2004  30 April 2011
Preceded byLee Hsien Loong
Succeeded byTharman Shanmugaratnam
Ministerial offices
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
In office
2 January 1985  28 November 1990
Serving with Ong Teng Cheong
Preceded byGoh Keng Swee
S. Rajaratnam
Succeeded byLee Hsien Loong
Minister for Defence
In office
1 June 1982  30 June 1991
Preceded byHowe Yoon Chong
Succeeded byYeo Ning Hong
Minister for Health
In office
6 January 1981  31 May 1982
Preceded byToh Chin Chye
Succeeded byHowe Yoon Chong
Minister for Trade and Industry
In office
15 March 1979  31 May 1981
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byTony Tan
Personal details
Goh Chok Tong

(1941-05-20) 20 May 1941 (age 82)
Singapore, Straits Settlements
Political partyPeople's Action Party
(m. 1965)
Alma materUniversity of Singapore (BA)
Williams College (MA)
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese吴作栋
Traditional Chinese吳作棟

Prior to his appointment as prime minister, he was the country's deputy prime minister, where he advocated for the Medisave, a scheme that allows Singaporeans to set aside part of their income into a Medisave account to meet future medical expenses. Goh also advocated for the Edusave Awards, a monetary reward for students who did well in school based on either their academic or character, to enshrine meritocracy.

During his tenure as prime minister, political reforms like the introduction of Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMP), to allow more oppositions into Parliament, Group Representation Constituency (GRC), to make sure that the minorities are represented in Parliament and Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP), to have independent opinions in Parliament since all NMPs are non-partisan, were also proposed by Goh when he was serving as Deputy Prime Minister after assuming the responsibility of the government in a carefully managed leadership transition.

Goh's tenure as prime minister was also marked by the 1991 aircraft hijack of SQ117, 1997 Asian financial crisis, 2001 embassies attack plot and the 2003 SARS outbreak. His government enacted the Elected President scheme in 1991 as presidents before were appointed by Parliament. His government also introduced the Vehicle Quota Scheme to limit the number of vehicles in the city-state.

He was succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong, the eldest son of Singapore's first prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew,[3] on 12 August 2004 and was subsequently appointed as a senior minister in the Cabinet and chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) between 2004 and 2011.[4]

He resigned from the Cabinet in 2011 before stepping down as a Member of Parliament (MP) and retire from politics in 2020.[5] He was given the honorary title Emeritus Senior Minister in 2011 by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong. He is also the only living former prime minister.