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Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell

English nobleman (c. 1520 – 1551) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, KB (c.1520[1][3] – 4 July 1551)[4] was an English nobleman. He was the only son of the Tudor statesman Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex (c.1485 – 1540) and Elizabeth Wyckes (d. 1529).[5][6][7]

Quick facts: Gregory Cromwell, Coat of arms, Tenure, Succe...
Gregory Cromwell
Baron Cromwell
Portrait_of_a_Young_Man%2C_c._1535-40%2C_Hans_Holbein_the_Younger.jpg
Coat of armsArms of Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell: Quarterly, per fess, indented, azure and or, four lions passant counterchanged
Tenure1540–1551
SuccessorHenry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell
Known forSon of Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex
Bornc.1520
London[2]
Died4 July 1551 (aged 3031)
Launde Abbey, Leicestershire, England
Cause of deathSweating sickness
BuriedLaunde Abbey Chapel
52.631111°N 0.823056°W / 52.631111; -0.823056
ResidenceLaunde Abbey
LocalityLeicestershire
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Seymour
Issue
Parents
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Gregory's father Thomas Cromwell rose from obscurity to become the chief minister of Henry VIII, who attempted to modernize government at the expense of the privileges of the nobility and church. He used his office to promote religious reform and was one of the strongest advocates of the English Reformation.[8][9][10]

In 1537, Gregory married Elizabeth, Lady Ughtred, widow of Sir Anthony Ughtred, sister to Jane Seymour and therefore became brother-in-law to Henry VIII and uncle to Edward VI.[11] Gregory survived the dramatic fall from royal favour and subsequent execution of his father in 1540, as well as the ousting of his brother-in-law and patron, Edward Seymour in 1549. He became a wealthy landowner, owning land and property in several counties in England, mainly in Rutland and Leicestershire.[12][13] Gregory's family connections had provided him with wealth, property and privileges; however, it was through his own intelligence and ability, combined with the remarkable education and training provided by his father, that he was able to benefit from them, leaving his wife and family well provided for at his death. Gregory was succeeded by his eldest son, and heir, Henry.[5]

Gregory Cromwell died in July 1551, the same month as Henry Brandon, the young Duke of Suffolk and his brother Charles. He may be the subject of two portrait miniatures by Hans Holbein the Younger.[1]

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