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Guatemala City

Capital and the largest city of Guatemala / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Guatemala City (Spanish: Ciudad de Guatemala), formally New Guatemala of Assumption and the Ancient (Spanish: Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción y la Antigua),[4] known locally as Guate, is the capital and largest city of Guatemala,[5] and the most populous urban area in Central America. The city is located in the south-central part of the country, nestled in a mountain valley called Valle de la Ermita (English: Hermitage Valley). The city is also the capital of the Guatemala Department.

Quick facts: Guatemala City Ciudad de Guatemala, Count...
Guatemala City
Ciudad de Guatemala
New Guatemala of Assumption and the Ancient
Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción y la Antigua
Clockwise from top: Zone 10 skyline; Supreme Court of Justice; Ciudad Cayalá; Cultural Center of Spain; Guatemala National Palace; Torre del Reformador; Zone 14; and Guatemala City Cathedral
Flag of Guatemala City
Coat of arms of Guatemala City
"Todos somos la ciudad" (We are all the city), "Tú eres la ciudad" (You are the city).
Interactive map outlining Guatemala City
Guatemala City is located in Guatemala
Guatemala City
Guatemala City
Location within Guatemala [1]
Guatemala City is located in Central America
Guatemala City
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (Central America)
Guatemala City is located in America
Guatemala City
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (America)
Guatemala City is located in Earth
Guatemala City
Guatemala City
Guatemala City (Earth)
Coordinates: 14°36′48″N 90°32′7″W
DepartmentGuatemala Department
  MayorRicardo Quiñónez Lemus (Unionist)
  Capital city997 km2 (385 sq mi)
  Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
1,500 m (4,900 ft)
  Capital city923,392 [2]
994,938 [3]
  Density4,722.76/km2 (12,231.9/sq mi)
3,046,252 [3]
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central America)

Guatemala City is the site of the Mayan city of Kaminaljuyu, founded around 1500 BC. Following an earthquake in La Antigua in 1776 it was made capital of the Captaincy General of Guatemala. In 1821, Guatemala City was the scene of the declaration of independence of Central America from Spain, after which it became the capital of the newly established United Provinces of Central America (later the Federal Republic of Central America).[6]

In 1847, Guatemala declared itself an independent republic, with Guatemala City as its capital. The capital was originally located in what is now Antigua Guatemala, and was moved to its current location in 1776.[7]

Guatemala City and the original location in Antigua Guatemala were almost completely destroyed by the 1917–18 earthquakes. Reconstructions following the earthquakes have resulted in a more modern architectural landscape.[citation needed] Today, Guatemala City is the political, cultural, and economic center of Guatemala.

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