Guru Tegh Bahadur

The ninth Sikh Guru / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦਰ (Gurmukhi); Punjabi pronunciation: [gʊɾuː t̯eːɣ bəɦaːd̯ʊɾᵊ]; 11 April 1621 – 11 November 1675)[5][6] was the ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and the leader of Sikhs from 1665 until his beheading in 1675. He was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh guru. Considered a principled and fearless warrior, he was a learned spiritual scholar and a poet whose 115 hymns are included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the main text of Sikhism.

Quick facts: Guru Tegh Bahadur, Personal, Born, Died, Caus...
Guru Tegh Bahadur
ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ਼ ਬਹਾਦਰ
A mid-17th-century portrait of Guru Tegh Bahadur painted by Ahsan
Tyag Mal

21 April 1621 (1621-04-21)
Died11 November 1675 (1675-11-12) (aged 54)
Delhi, Mughal Empire
(present-day India)
Cause of deathExecution by decapitation
SpouseMata Gujri
ChildrenGuru Gobind Singh
Parent(s)Guru Hargobind and Mata Nanaki
Known for
Other namesNinth Master
Ninth Nanak
Srisht-di-Chadar ("Shield of Humanity")
Hind-di-Chadar ("Shield of India")
Military service
Battles/warsEarly Mughal-Sikh Wars
Battle of Kartarpur
Religious career
Period in office1664–1675
PredecessorGuru Har Krishan
SuccessorGuru Gobind Singh
Interior view of Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib

Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, in Delhi, India.[3][7][8] Sikh holy premises Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi mark the places of execution and cremation of Guru Tegh Bahadur.[9] His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November.[10]