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Hampton, Virginia

Independent city in Virginia, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hampton (/ˈhæmptən/) is an independent city in Virginia, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 137,148.[7] It is the 7th-most populous city in Virginia and 204th-most populous city in the nation. Hampton is included in the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, the 37th-largest in the United States, with a total population of 1,799,674 in 2020.[8] This area, known as "America's First Region", also includes the independent cities of Chesapeake, Virginia Beach, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Suffolk, as well as other smaller cities, counties, and towns of Hampton Roads.

Quick facts: Hampton, Virginia, Country, State, County, Se...
Hampton, Virginia
Hampton Downtown Historic District
Motto: 
From the Sea to the Stars
Location in the State of Virginia
Location in the State of Virginia
Hampton is located in Virginia
Hampton
Hampton
Location in Virginia
Hampton is located in the United States
Hampton
Hampton
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37.034946°N 76.360126°W / 37.034946; -76.360126
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyNone (Independent city)
Settled1610[1]
Incorporated (town)1705[1]
Incorporated (city)1849[1]
Government
  TypeMayor–council–manager
  MayorDonnie Tuck (D)[2]
  Vice mayorJimmy Gray (D)[2]
Area
  Independent city136.27 sq mi (352.95 km2)
  Land51.46 sq mi (133.28 km2)
  Water84.81 sq mi (219.67 km2)  62.3%
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Independent city137,148
  Rank200th in the United States
7th in Virginia
  Density2,665.14/sq mi (1,029.02/km2)
  Metro
1,799,674
Time zoneUTC–5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC–4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
23661, 23663-23669
Area code(s)757, 948
FIPS code51-35000[4]
GNIS feature ID1495650[5]
Public transportationHampton Roads Transit
Websitehttp://www.hampton.gov
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Hampton.jpg
British invade Hampton during the War of 1812[6]
Emanicipation_oak_hampton-cropped.jpg
On September 17, 1861, Mrs. Mary Smith Peake taught the first classes to African American children on the grounds of what is now Hampton University at Hampton Roads in Virginia under the shade of the Emancipation Oak.

Hampton traces its history to the city's Old Point Comfort, the home of Fort Monroe for almost 400 years, which was named by the 1607 voyagers, led by Captain Christopher Newport, who first established Jamestown as an English colonial settlement. Since consolidation in 1952, Hampton has included the former Elizabeth City County and the incorporated town of Phoebus, consolidated by a mutual agreement.

After the end of the American Civil War, historic Hampton University was established opposite from the town on the Hampton River, providing an education for many newly freed former slaves and for area Native Americans. In the 20th century, the area became the location of Langley Air Force Base, NASA Langley Research Center, and the Virginia Air and Space Center. Hampton features many miles of waterfront and beaches.

The city features a wide array of business and industrial enterprises, retail and residential areas, historical sites, and other points of interest, such as a NASCAR short track, the oldest Anglican parish in the Americas (1610), and a moated, six-sided, historical bastion fort.

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