Hominini

Tribe of mammals / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Hominini form a taxonomic tribe of the subfamily Homininae ("hominines"). Hominini includes the extant genera Homo (humans) and Pan (chimpanzees and bonobos) and in standard usage excludes the genus Gorilla (gorillas).

Quick facts: Hominini Temporal range 7–0 Ma PreꞒ Ꞓ ...
Hominini
Temporal range: 7–0 Ma
Ham-and-handler.jpg
Two hominins: A human holding a chimpanzee (Ham the chimp)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Tribe: Hominini
Arambourg, 1948[1]
Type genus
Homo
Linnaeus, 1758
Genera
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The term was originally introduced by Camille Arambourg (1948). Arambourg combined the categories of Hominina and Simiina due to Gray (1825) into his new subtribe.

Hominoid_taxonomy_7.svg
The taxonomic classification of hominoids

Traditionally, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans were grouped together as pongids. Since Gray's classification, evidence has accumulated from genetic phylogeny confirming that humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas are more closely related to each other than to the orangutan.[3] The former pongids were reassigned to the subfamily Hominidae ("great apes"), which already included humans,[3] but the details of this reassignment remain contested; within Hominini, not every source excludes gorillas, and not every source includes chimpanzees.

Humans are the only extant species in the Australopithecine branch (subtribe), which also contains many extinct close relatives of humans.

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