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House of Capet

Rulers of the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The House of Capet (French: Maison capétienne) ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328. It was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians.

Quick facts: House of Capet House of France, Parent house,...
House of Capet
Arms of the King of France
Parent houseRobertians
CountryKingdom of France

Kingdom of Navarre

Kingdom of England (claimant)

Latin Empire
Founded987; 1036 years ago (987)
FounderHugh Capet
Final rulerCharles IV of France
Estate(s)France, Navarre
Cadet branches

The direct line of the House of Capet came to an end in 1328, when the three sons of Philip IV (reigned 1285–1314) all failed to produce surviving male heirs to the French throne. With the death of Charles IV (reigned 1322–1328), the throne passed to the House of Valois, descended from a younger brother of Philip IV.

Royal power would pass on 1589 to another Capetian branch, the House of Bourbon, descended from the youngest son of Louis IX (reigned 1226–1270). From 1830 on it would go to a Bourbon cadet branch, the House of Orléans, always remaining in the hands of agnatic descendants of Hugh Capet, except for the 10-year reign of Emperor Napoleon.