Insulin-like growth factor 1

Protein-coding gene in the species Homo sapiens / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), also called somatomedin C, is a hormone similar in molecular structure to insulin which plays an important role in childhood growth, and has anabolic effects in adults.

Quick facts: IGF1, Available structures, PDB, List of PDB ...
IGF1
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesIGF1, IGF-I, IGF1A, IGFI, MGF, insulin like growth factor 1, IGF
External IDsOMIM: 147440 MGI: 96432 HomoloGene: 515 GeneCards: IGF1
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_000618
NM_001111283
NM_001111284
NM_001111285

RefSeq (protein)

NP_000609
NP_001104753
NP_001104754
NP_001104755

NP_001104744
NP_001104745
NP_001104746
NP_001300939
NP_034642

Location (UCSC)Chr 12: 102.4 – 102.48 MbChr 10: 87.69 – 87.77 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
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IGF-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IGF1 gene.[5][6] IGF-1 consists of 70 amino acids in a single chain with three intramolecular disulfide bridges. IGF-1 has a molecular weight of 7,649 Daltons.[7] In dogs, an ancient mutation in IGF1 is the primary cause of the toy phenotype.[8]

IGF-1 is produced primarily by the liver. Production is stimulated by growth hormone (GH). Most of IGF-1 is bound to one of 6 binding proteins (IGF-BP). IGFBP-1 is regulated by insulin. IGF-1 is produced throughout life; the highest rates of IGF-1 production occur during the pubertal growth spurt.[9] The lowest levels occur in infancy and old age.[10][11]

A synthetic analog of IGF-1, mecasermin, is used in children for the treatment of growth failure.[12]