Władysław II Jagiełło

Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434); King of Poland (1386–1434) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jogaila (Lithuanian: [jɔˈɡâːɪɫɐ] ; c.1352/1362  1 June 1434), later Władysław II Jagiełło (Polish: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwwɔ] ),[nb 1] was Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1381 and 1382–1401), later giving the position to his cousin Vytautas in exchange for the title of Supreme Duke of Lithuania (1401–1434) and then King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole ruler of Poland. Born a pagan, he converted to Catholicism in 1386 and was baptized as Ladislaus (Polish: Władysław) in Kraków, married the young Queen Jadwiga, and was crowned King of Poland as Władysław II Jagiełło.[1][2] In 1387, he converted Lithuania to Catholicism. His own reign in Poland started in 1399, upon the death of Queen Jadwiga, lasted a further thirty-five years, and laid the foundation for the centuries-long Polish–Lithuanian union. He was a member of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland that bears his name and was previously also known as the Gediminid dynasty in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The dynasty ruled both states until 1572,[nb 2] and became one of the most influential dynasties in late medieval and early modern Europe.[3]

Quick facts: Władysław II Jagiełło, Grand/Supreme Duke of ...
Władysław II Jagiełło
King Władysław II Jagiełło, detail of the Triptych of Our Lady of Sorrows in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Grand/Supreme Duke of Lithuania
  • May 1377  August 1381
  • 3/15 August 1382  1 June 1434
King of Poland
with Jadwiga (1386–1399)
Reign4 March 1386  1 June 1434
Coronation4 March 1386
SuccessorWładysław III
Bornc. 1352/1362
Vilnius, Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Died(1434-06-01)1 June 1434
Gródek Jagielloński, Kingdom of Poland
DynastyJagiellon (cadet branch of the Gediminid dynasty)
FatherAlgirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
MotherUliana of Tver

Jogaila was the last pagan ruler of medieval Lithuania. After he became King of Poland, as a result of the Union of Krewo, the newly formed Polish-Lithuanian union confronted the growing power of the Teutonic Order. The allied victory at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, followed by the Peace of Thorn, secured the Polish and Lithuanian borders and marked the emergence of the Polish–Lithuanian alliance as a significant force in Europe. The reign of Władysław II Jagiełło extended Polish frontiers and is often considered the beginning of Poland's Golden Age.

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