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Kingdom of Bosnia

1377–1463 kingdom in Southeast Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Kingdom of Bosnia (Serbo-Croatian: Kraljevina Bosna / Краљевина Босна), or Bosnian Kingdom (Bosansko kraljevstvo / Босанско краљевство), was a medieval kingdom that lasted for nearly a century, from 1377 to 1463, and evolved out of the Banate of Bosnia, which itself lasted since at least 1154.

Quick facts: Kingdom of BosniaBosansko kraljevstvo Босанск...
Kingdom of Bosnia
Bosansko kraljevstvo
Босанско краљевство
Military Banner
Banner of King Tvrtko I of Bosnia
Top: Military banner Bottom: Royal banner of King Tvrtko I
Medieval Bosnian State Expansion
Medieval Bosnian State Expansion
44°08′13″N 18°14′16″E
Bosnian Church[1]
Eastern Orthodoxy
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Tvrtko I (first)
Stephen Tomašević (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
26 October 1377
5 June 1463
CurrencyBosnian Golden Coin
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Banate_of_Bosnia_flag_of_Stjepan_II_Kotromanic.svg Banate of Bosnia
Sanjak of Bosnia Flag_of_the_Ottoman_Empire_%281844%E2%80%931922%29.svg

Although Hungarian kings viewed Bosnia as under their sovereignty during this time, Bosnian sovereignty and independence in conducting its affairs is nevertheless undeniable.

King Tvrtko I (r. 1353–91) acquired portions of western Serbia and most of the Adriatic coast south of the Neretva River. During the late part of his reign, Bosnia became one of the strongest states in the Balkan Peninsula. However, feudal fragmentation remained important in Bosnia and the Bosnian nobility held significant power, exercising it at the Stanak meetings where members deliberated on matters such as election of the new king or queen and coronations, foreign policy, sale or cession of territory, contracting and signing treaties with neighboring countries, and military issues.

The Ottoman Empire annexed portions of eastern Bosnia in the 1440s and 1450s and went on to conquer Hum, by then renamed to Herzegovina, with the last fortress, Novi, falling in December 1481. Stephen Tomašević, the last king of Bosnia, was captured by the Ottomans and killed in 1463.

The overwhelming majority of the population was rural, with few significant urban centers. Among the more notable towns were Doboj, Jajce, Srebrenik, Srebrenica, Tešanj, and Podvisoki. Mining, especially for silver, was a major source of income for Bosnian kings.

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