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Kingdom of Majorca

State on the eastern coast and islands of the Iberian Peninsula from 1231 to 1715 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Kingdom of Majorca (Catalan: Regne de Mallorca, IPA: [ˈreŋnə ðə məˈʎɔɾkə]; Spanish: Reino de Mallorca; Latin: Regnum Maioricae; French: Royaume de Majorque) was a realm on the east coast of Spain, which included certain Mediterranean islands, and which was founded by James I of Aragon, also known as James The Conqueror. In a will written in 1262 after the death of his firstborn son Alfonso, he ceded the kingdom to his son James. The disposition was maintained during successive versions of his will and so when James I died in 1276, the Crown of Aragon passed to his eldest son Peter, known as Peter III of Aragon or Peter the Great. The Kingdom of Majorca passed to James, who reigned under the name of James II of Majorca. After 1279, Peter III of Aragon established that the King of Majorca was a vassal to the king of Aragon. The title continued to be employed by the Aragonese and Spanish monarchs until its dissolution by the 1715 Nueva Planta decrees.

Quick facts: Kingdom of MajorcaRegne de Mallorca (Cat...
Kingdom of Majorca
Regne de Mallorca (Catalan)
Reino de Mallorca (Spanish)
Regnum Maioricae (Latin)
Royaume de Majorque (French)
Flag of Majorca
Coat of arms of Majorca
Coat of arms
The Kingdom of Majorca in the 13th and 14th centuries
The Kingdom of Majorca in the 13th and 14th centuries
CapitalPalma and Perpignan
Common languagesCatalan
Roman Catholicism (official)[1]
GovernmentAragonese led-Royal Constitutional Monarchy
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_Almohad_Dynasty_%281147-1269%29.svg Almohad Caliphate
Blank.png Taifa of Majorca
Crown of Aragon Estandarte_de_la_Corona_de_Aragon.svg
Today part ofSpain