Kingdom of Mrauk U

Independent coastal kingdom of Arakan (1429–1785) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Kingdom of Mrauk-U (Arakanese: မြောက်ဦး နေပြည်တော်,) was a kingdom that existed on the Arakan littoral from 1429 to 1785. Based out of the capital Mrauk-U, near the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal, the kingdom ruled over what is now Rakhine State, Myanmar and parts of Chittagong Division, Bangladesh. Though started out as a protectorate of the Bengal Sultanate from 1429 to 1531, Mrauk-U went on to conquer Chittagong with the help of the Portuguese. It twice fended off the Toungoo Burma's attempts to conquer the kingdom in 1546–1547, and 1580–1581. At its height of power, it briefly controlled the Bay of Bengal coastline from the Sundarbans to the Gulf of Martaban from 1599 to 1603.[1][2] In 1666, it lost control of Chittagong after a war with the Mughal Empire. Its reign continued until 1785, when it was conquered by the Konbaung dynasty of Burma.[3][4]

Quick facts: Kingdom of Mrauk-U, Status, Capital, Common&n...
Kingdom of Mrauk-U
September 1430–1785
Early Dutch map of Arakan (present-day Rakhine State, Myanmar, and Chittagong Division, Bangladesh)
Early Dutch map of Arakan (present-day Rakhine State, Myanmar, and Chittagong Division, Bangladesh)
Common languagesOfficial Arakanese
GovernmentFeudal Monarchy until 1782
Min Saw Mon (first)
Min Khayi
Min Bin
Min Razagyi
Thiri Thudhamma
Sanda Thudhamma
Maha Thammada (last)
LegislatureRoyal Parliamentary System
 Founding of dynasty
September 1430
 Vassal of Bengal Sultanate
 Conquest of Chittagong
 Joint-control of Lower Burma
 Loss of Chittagong
 End of kingdom
2 January 1785
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Laymro Kingdom
Blank.png Interregnum
Blank.png Bengal Sultanate
Konbaung Dynasty Blank.png
Bengal Sultanate Blank.png
Portuguese settlement in Chittagong Blank.png

It was home to a multiethnic population with the city of Mrauk U being home to mosques, temples, shrines, seminaries and libraries.[5] The kingdom was also a center of piracy and the slave trade. It was frequented by Arab, Danish, Dutch and Portuguese traders.[5]