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Lapland (Finland)

Region of Finland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Lapland (Finnish: Lappi [ˈlɑpːi]; Northern Sami: Lappi; Inari Sami: Lappi; Swedish: Lappland; Latin: Lapponia) is the largest and northernmost region of Finland. The 21 municipalities in the region cooperate in a Regional Council. Lapland borders the region of North Ostrobothnia in the south. It also borders the Gulf of Bothnia, Norrbotten County in Sweden, Troms and Finnmark County in Norway, and Murmansk Oblast and the Republic of Karelia in Russia. Topography varies from vast mires and forests of the South to fells in the North. The Arctic Circle crosses Lapland, so polar phenomena such as the midnight sun and polar night can be viewed in Lapland.[1][2]

Quick facts: Lapland Lappi (Finnish) Lappi (...
Lapland
Lappi (Finnish)
Lappi (Northern Sami)
Lappi (Inari Sami)
Lappi (Skolt Sami)
Lappland (Swedish)
Region of Lapland
Lapin maakunta (Finnish)
Lappi eanangoddi (Northern Sami)
Laapi eennâmkodde (Inari Sami)
Lappi mäddkåʹdd (Skolt Sami)
Landskapet Lappland (Swedish)
Coordinates: 67°N 026°E
CountryFinland
CapitalRovaniemi
Area
  Total100,366 km2 (38,752 sq mi)
  Land92,667 km2 (35,779 sq mi)
  Water7,699 km2 (2,973 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-12-31)
  Total177,161
  Density1.8/km2 (4.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeFI-10
Websitelapinliitto.fi
Symbols
MammalReindeer
BirdBluethroat
FishSalmon
FlowerGlobe-flower
LakeLake Inari
MineralGold
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Lapland's cold and wintry climate, coupled with its relative abundance of conifer trees such as pines and spruces, means that it has become associated with Christmas in some countries, most notably the United Kingdom, and holidays to Lapland are common towards the end of the year. However, the Lapland region has developed its infrastructure for year-round tourism. For example, the 2019 snow-free period tourism grew more than the winter season.[3] Rovaniemi is the main regional center of Lapland, and the Rovaniemi Airport is the third busiest airport in Finland.[4] Besides tourism, other important sectors are trade, manufacturing and construction.[5][6] Like Rovaniemi, Inari is also one of the most important tourist destinations in Lapland for foreign tourism.[7][8]

Lapland has been connected with the legendary "North Pole" home of Santa Claus (Father Christmas or Saint Nicholas) since 1927, when Finnish radio host Markus Rautio said that Santa Claus lived on Korvatunturi, a fell (mountain) in the region. Later, Rovaniemi staked a claim as Santa's "official hometown" and developed the Santa Claus Village attraction to encourage tourism.[9]