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Country in Northern Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Sweden,[lower-alpha 7] formally the Kingdom of Sweden,[18][lower-alpha 8] is a Nordic country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridgetunnel across the Øresund.

Quick facts: Kingdom of SwedenKonungariket Sverige (S...
Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige (Swedish)
"Du gamla, du fria"[lower-alpha 1]
(English: "Thou ancient, Thou free")
Royal anthem: 
(English: "Song of the King")
Location of Sweden (dark green)

 in Europe (green & dark grey)
 in the European Union (green)   [Legend]

and largest city
59°21′N 18°4′E
Official languagesSwedish[lower-alpha 2]
National minority languages
  • 36.0% no religion
  • 2.3% Islam
  • 0.3% other
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Carl XVI Gustaf
Andreas Norlén
Ulf Kristersson
 A unified Swedish kingdom established
By the early 12th century
 Part of the Kalmar Union
17 June 1397 – 6 June 1523
 Part of the Swedish-Norwegian Union
4 November 1814 – 26 October 1905[11]
1 January 1995
450,295[12] km2 (173,860 sq mi) (55th)
 Water (%)
8.97 (2022)[13]
 31 May 2023 estimate
Neutral increase 10,540,886[14] (87th)
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $715.995 billion[15] (40th)
 Per capita
Increase $66,209[15] (18th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $597.110 billion[15] (25th)
 Per capita
Decrease $55,215[15] (14th)
Gini (2022)Negative increase 27.6[16]
HDI (2021)Increase 0.947[17]
very high · 7th
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[lower-alpha 5]
ISO 3166 codeSE
Internet[lower-alpha 6]

At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi),[19] Sweden is the largest Nordic country and the fifth-largest country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a population of 10.5 million,[14] and a low population density of 25.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (66/sq mi), with around 87% of Swedes residing in urban areas, which cover 1.5% of the entire land area, in the central and southern half of the country. Nature in Sweden is dominated by forests and many lakes, including some of the largest in Europe. Many long rivers run from the Scandes range, primarily emptying into the northern tributaries of the Baltic Sea. It has an extensive coastline and most of the population lives near a major body of water. With the country ranging from 55°N to 69°N, the climate of Sweden is diverse due to the length of the country.

Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish: Götar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population,[20][21] the dominance of the Hanseatic League in Northern Europe threatened Scandinavia economically and politically. This led to the formation of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397,[22] which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years' War on the Protestant side, an expansion of its territories began, forming the Swedish Empire, which remained one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.

Sweden is a highly developed country ranked seventh in the Human Development Index,[23] it is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, with legislative power vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. It is a unitary state, divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens. It has the world's 14th highest GDP per capita and ranks very highly in quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, income equality, gender equality and prosperity.[24][25] Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995 but rejected Eurozone membership following a referendum. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Schengen Area, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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