Semi-solid white pork fat product / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Lard?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
Lard is a semi-solid white fat product obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of a pig. It is distinguished from tallow, a similar product derived from fat of cattle or sheep.
Palmitic acid: 25–28%
Stearic acid: 12–14%
Myristic acid: 1%
Oleic acid: 44–47%
Palmitoleic acid: 3%
|Polyunsaturated||Linoleic acid: 6–10%|
|Food energy per 100 g (3.5 oz)||3,770 kJ (900 kcal)|
|Melting point||backfat: 30–40 °C (86–104 °F)|
leaf fat: 43–48 °C (109–118 °F)
mixed fat: 36–45 °C (97–113 °F)
|Smoke point||121–218 °C (250–424 °F)|
|Specific gravity at 20 °C (68 °F)||0.917–0.938|
Lard can be rendered by steaming, boiling, or dry heat. The culinary qualities of lard vary somewhat depending on the origin and processing method; if properly rendered, it may be nearly odorless and tasteless. It has a high saturated fatty acid content and no trans fat. At retail, refined lard is usually sold as paper-wrapped blocks.
Many cuisines use lard as a cooking fat or shortening, or as a spread in the same ways as butter. It is an ingredient in various savoury dishes such as sausages, pâtés, and fillings. As a replacement for butter, it provides flakiness to pastry. In western cuisine, it has ceded its popularity to vegetable oils, but many cooks and bakers still favor it over other fats for certain uses.