cover image

Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)

Japanese political party / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

The Liberal Democratic Party (自由民主党, Jiyū-Minshutō), frequently abbreviated to LDP or Jimintō (自民党), is a conservative[20] political party in Japan.

Quick facts: Liberal Democratic Party .mw-parser-output .n...
Liberal Democratic Party
自由民主党
Jiyū-Minshutō
PresidentFumio Kishida
Vice PresidentTarō Asō
Secretary-GeneralToshimitsu Motegi
Councilors LeaderMasakazu Sekiguchi
Founders
Founded15 November 1955; 67 years ago (1955-11-15)
Preceded by
Headquarters11–23, Nagatachō 1-chome, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-8910, Japan
NewspaperJiyū Minshu[1]
Think tankPolicy Research Council
Membership (2021) 1,136,445[2]
Ideology
Political positionRight-wing[A][4]
Colors
  •   Red[lower-alpha 1][5]
  •   Green[lower-alpha 2]
Slogan"日本を守る責任"[6][failed verification]
"Nihon wo mamoru sekinin"
("The responsibility to protect Japan")
Anthem"われら"[7]
"Ware-ra"
("We")
Councillors
118 / 245
Representatives
260 / 465
Prefectural assembly members[8]
1,283 / 2,598
City, special ward, town and village assembly members[8]
2,179 / 29,425
Election symbol
Website

^ A: The Liberal Democratic Party is a big-tent conservative party.[9][10] The LDP has been also described as centre-right,[lower-alpha 3][17] but the LDP also has far-right[lower-alpha 4][18] and ultra-conservative[19] factions, including members belonging to the ultranationalist Nippon Kaigi (see List of members of Nippon Kaigi).
Close

The LDP has been in power almost continuously since its foundation in 1955—a period called the 1955 System—except between 1993 and 1994, and again from 2009 to 2012. In the 2012 election, it regained control of the government.[21] After the 2021 and 2022 elections it holds 261 seats in the House of Representatives and 119 seats in the House of Councillors, and in coalition with Komeito since 1999, a governing majority in both houses.

The LDP is often described as a big tent conservative party, with several different ideological factions.[22] While lacking a cohesive political ideology, the party's platform has historically supported neoliberal economic policies, increased defense spending and maintaining close ties with the United States.[23][24] The party's history and internal composition have been characterized by intense factionalism ever since its emergence in 1955, with its parliamentary members currently split among six factions, each of which vies for influence in the party and the government.[25] The incumbent Prime Minister and party President is Fumio Kishida, the leader of the party's moderate Kōchikai faction.