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Madame Bovary (//; French: [madam bɔvaʁi]), originally published as Madame Bovary: Provincial Manners (French: Madame Bovary: Mœurs de province [madam bɔvaʁi mœʁ(s) də pʁɔvɛ̃s]), is a novel by French writer Gustave Flaubert, published in 1856. The eponymous character lives beyond her means in order to escape the banalities and emptiness of provincial life.
|Original title||Madame Bovary: Mœurs de province|
|Publisher||Revue de Paris (in serial) & Michel Lévy Frères (in book form, 2 Vols)|
|1856 (in serial) & April 1857 (in book form)|
|Madame Bovary: Mœurs de province at French Wikisource|
|Translation||Madame Bovary: Provincial Manners at Wikisource|
When the novel was first serialized in Revue de Paris between 1 October 1856 and 15 December 1856, public prosecutors attacked the novel for obscenity. The resulting trial in January 1857 made the story notorious. After Flaubert's acquittal on 7 February 1857, Madame Bovary became a bestseller in April 1857 when it was published in two volumes. A seminal work of literary realism, the novel is now considered Flaubert's masterpiece, and one of the most influential literary works in history.