Madame Bovary

1856 novel by Gustave Flaubert / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Madame Bovary (/ˈbvəri/;[1] French: [madam bɔvaʁi]), originally published as Madame Bovary: Provincial Manners (French: Madame Bovary: Mœurs de province [madam bɔvaʁi mœʁ(s) də pʁɔvɛ̃s]), is a novel by French writer Gustave Flaubert, published in 1856. The eponymous character lives beyond her means in order to escape the banalities and emptiness of provincial life.

Quick facts: Author, Original title, Country, Languag...
Madame Bovary: Provincial Manners
Title page of the original French edition, 1857
AuthorGustave Flaubert
Original titleMadame Bovary: Mœurs de province
GenreRealist novel
PublisherRevue de Paris (in serial) & Michel Lévy Frères (in book form, 2 Vols)
Publication date
1856 (in serial) & April 1857 (in book form)
Original text
Madame Bovary: Mœurs de province at French Wikisource
TranslationMadame Bovary: Provincial Manners at Wikisource

When the novel was first serialized in Revue de Paris between 1 October 1856 and 15 December 1856, public prosecutors attacked the novel for obscenity. The resulting trial in January 1857 made the story notorious. After Flaubert's acquittal on 7 February 1857, Madame Bovary became a bestseller in April 1857 when it was published in two volumes. A seminal work of literary realism, the novel is now considered Flaubert's masterpiece, and one of the most influential literary works in history.