Maitreya

Future Buddha in Buddhist eschatology / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maitreya (Sanskrit: मैत्रेय) or Metteyya (Pali: मेत्तेय्य), also Maitreya Buddha or Metteyya Buddha, is regarded as the future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology. As the 5th and final Buddha of our times, Maitreya's goal would be to reinstate the Dharma. In all branches of Buddhism, Maitreya is viewed as the direct successor of Gautama Buddha. In some Buddhist literature, such as the Amitabha Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, the being is referred to as Ajita. Despite many individuals and religious leaders claiming to be Maitreya throughout history, all Buddhists firmly agree these were false claims.

Quick facts: Maitreya, Sanskrit, Pāli, Burmese, Chinese...
Maitreya
Statue of Maitreya Bodhisattva in the form of Deva (before becoming the next Buddha) from Thailand.
Sanskritमैत्रेय
(Maitreya)
Pāliमेत्तेय्य
(Metteyya)
Burmeseအရိမေတ္တေယျဘုရား
(MLCTS: a.ri. metteyya bhu.ra:)
(IPA: ʔəjḭmjɪʔtèja̰ pʰəjá)
Chinese彌勒菩薩
弥勒菩萨
(Pinyin: Mílè Púsa)
CyrillicМайдар, Асралт
(Mayidar, Asaraltu)
Japanese弥勒菩薩みろくぼさつ
(romaji: Miroku Bosatsu)
Karenမဲၣ်တယါ ဘူးဒး
(Mehtuhyah Boodah)
Khmerសិអារ្យមេត្រី, អរិយមេត្តយ្យ
Korean미륵보살
彌勒菩薩
(RR: Mireuk Bosal)
Mongolian scriptᠮᠠᠢᠢᠳᠠᠷᠢ
ᠠᠰᠠᠷᠠᠯᠲᠤ
Shanဢရီႉမိတ်ႈတေႇယႃႉ
Sinhalaමෛත්‍රී බුදුන්
(Maithri Budun)
Thaiพระศรีอริยเมตไตรย
(RTGS: Phra Si Ariya Mettrai)
Tibetanབྱམས་པ་
(Wylie: byams pa)
(THL: Jampa)

བྱམས་པ་མགོན་པོ་
(Wylie: byams pa'i mgon po)
(THL: Jampé Gönpo)
Vietnamese彌勒菩薩
(Di lặc Bồ Tát)
Information
Venerated byMahayana, Theravada, Vajrayana
AttributesCompassion and Kindness
Preceded by
Gautama Buddha
Succeeded by
Rama Buddha[1]
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According to Buddhist tradition, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who is prophesied to appear on Earth, achieve complete Enlightenment, and teach the Dharma. According to scriptures, Maitreya's teachings will be similar to those of Gautama Buddha (also known as Śākyamuni Buddha).[2][3] The arrival of Maitreya is prophesied to occur during an era when the teachings of Gautama Buddha have been forgotten by most of the terrestrial world.

Maitreya, in Buddhist tradition, presently resides in Tushita heaven. Maitreya is the earliest bodhisattva around whom a cult developed and is mentioned in scriptures from the 3rd century CE.[4] Maitreya has also been employed in a millenarian role by many non-Buddhist religions in the past, such as Theosophy, the White Lotus, as well as by modern new religious movements, such as Yiguandao.