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Managerialism is the reliance on professional managers and organizational strategies to run a society. It may be justified in terms of efficiency, or characterized as an ideology. It is a belief system that requires little or no evidence to justify itself.[ambiguous] Thomas Diefenbach[1] associates managerialism with a belief in hierarchy. Other scholars have linked managerialism to control,[2] accountability[3] measurement, and a belief in the importance of tightly-managed organizations.[4]

Following Enteman's 1993 classic[according to whom?] on Managerialism: The Emergence of a New Ideology,[5] American management experts Robert R. Locke and J. C. Spender see managerialism as an expression of a special group – management – that entrenches itself ruthlessly and systemically in an organization.[6] It deprives owners of decision-making power and workers of their ability to resist managerialism. In fact, the rise of managerialism may in itself be a response to people's resistance in society and more specifically to workers' opposition against managerial regimes.