Marshal of France

French military title / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements. The title has been awarded since 1185, though briefly abolished (1793–1804) and for a period dormant (1870–1916). It was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France during the Ancien Régime and Bourbon Restoration, and one of the Grand Dignitaries of the Empire during the First French Empire (when the title was Marshal of the Empire, not Marshal of France).

Quick facts: Marshal of France Maréchal de France, Country...
Marshal of France
Maréchal de France
Flag_of_Marshal_of_France.svg
Rank flag
Army-FRA-OF-10.svgFrance-Army-OF-10_Sleeve.svg
Shoulder and sleeve insignia
CountryFrance
Service branchFrench Army
Rank groupGeneral officer
NATO rank codeOF-10
Formation1185
Next higher rankNone
Next lower rankArmy general[lower-alpha 1]
Equivalent ranksAdmiral of France
Related articles
HistoryMarshal of the Empire
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A Marshal of France displays seven stars on each shoulder strap. A marshal also receives a baton – a blue cylinder with stars, formerly fleurs-de-lis during the monarchy and eagles during the First French Empire. The baton bears the Latin inscription of Terror belli, decus pacis, which means "terror in war, ornament in peace".

Between the end of the 16th century and the middle of the 19th century, six Marshals of France were given the even more exalted rank of Marshal General of France: Biron, Lesdiguières, Turenne, Villars, Saxe, and Soult.

The distinction of Admiral of France is the equivalent in the French Navy.

Musee-de-lArmee-IMG_1071.jpg
Terror belli
Musee-de-lArmee-IMG_1070.jpg
...decus pacis
Musee-de-lArmee-IMG_1072.jpg
Modern-day baton, belonging to one of the four Marshals of France during World War II (Leclerc, de Lattre, Juin, and Kœnig)

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