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Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (English: //, German: [maks ˈplaŋk] ⓘ; 23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
Max Karl Planck
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
(1858-04-23)23 April 1858
|Died||4 October 1947(1947-10-04) (aged 89)|
|Education||University of Munich, (PhD, 1879)|
|Known for||Quantum theory and |
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(m. 1887; died 1909)
Marga von Hösslin
|Thesis||Über den zweiten Hauptsatz der mechanischen Wärmetheorie (On the Second Principles of Mechanical Heat Theory) (1879)|
|Other notable students|
Planck made many substantial contributions to theoretical physics, but his fame as a physicist rests primarily on his role as the originator of quantum theory, which revolutionized human understanding of atomic and subatomic processes. He is known for Planck's constant, which is of foundational importance for quantum physics, and which he used to derive a set of units, today called Planck units, expressed only in terms of fundamental physical constants.
Planck was twice president of the German scientific institution Kaiser Wilhelm Society. In 1948, it was renamed into Max Planck Society, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, and nowadays includes 83 institutions representing a wide range of scientific directions.
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