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Mexico City

Capital and largest city of Mexico / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México,[lower-alpha 1][10] locally [sjuˈða(ð) ðe ˈmexiko] ; abbr.: CDMX; Nahuatl: Āltepētl Mēxihco Nahuatl pronunciation: [aːl'tepeːt͡ɬ meːˈʃiʔko]) is the capital and largest city of Mexico, and the most populous city in North America.[11][12] Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centers in the world.[13] It is located in the Valley of Mexico within the high Mexican central plateau, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs or demarcaciones territoriales, which are in turn divided into neighborhoods or colonias.

Quick facts: Mexico City Ciudad de México (Spanis...
Mexico City
Ciudad de México (Spanish)
Coat of arms of Mexico City
Official logo of Mexico City
La Ciudad de los Palacios
(The City of Palaces)
Mexico City within Mexico
Mexico City within Mexico
Mexico City is located in Mexico
Mexico City
Mexico City
Location within Mexico
Mexico City is located in North America
Mexico City
Mexico City
Mexico City (North America)
Coordinates: 19°26′N 99°8′W
CountryFlag_of_Mexico.svg Mexico
    • 13 March 1325 (1325-03-13):
    • 13 August 1521 (1521-08-13):
      Ciudad de México[2]
    • 18 November 1824 (1824-11-18):
      Distrito Federal[3]
    • 29 January 2016 (2016-01-29):
      Ciudad de México[4]
Founded by
  MayorMartí Batres
  Total1,485 km2 (573 sq mi)
 Ranked 32nd
2,240 m (7,350 ft)
Highest elevation3,930 m (12,890 ft)
  Rank1st in North America
1st in Mexico
  Density6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
  Metro area
  • Capitalino (a)
  • Mexiqueño (a) (archaic)
  • Chilango (a) (colloquial)
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (CST)
Postal code
Area code55/56
ISO 3166 codeMX-CMX
Patron SaintPhilip of Jesus (Spanish: San Felipe de Jesús)
HDIIncrease0.837 Very High[8]
GMP (PPP)$605 billion[9] (in Spanish)
Official nameHistoric center of Mexico City, Xochimilco and Central University City Campus of the UNAM
Criteriai, ii, iii, iv, v
Designated1987, 2007 (11th, 31st sessions)
Reference no.412, 1250
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean
^ b. Area of Mexico City that includes non-urban areas at the south

The 2020 population for the city proper was 9,209,944,[7] with a land area of 1,495 square kilometers (577 sq mi).[14] According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21,804,515, which makes it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the world, the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere (behind São Paulo, Brazil), and the largest Spanish-speaking city (city proper) in the world.[15] Greater Mexico City has a GDP of $411 billion in 2011, which makes it one of the most productive urban areas in the world.[16] The city was responsible for generating 15.8% of Mexico's GDP, and the metropolitan area accounted for about 22% of the country's GDP.[17] If it were an independent country in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America.[18]

Mexico's capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Indigenous people.[lower-alpha 2] The city was originally built on a group of islands in Lake Texcoco by the Mexica (Aztecs) around 1325, under the name Tenochtitlan. It was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán,[19] and as of 1585, it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City).[19] Mexico City was the political, administrative, and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire.[20] After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824.

After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were finally given the right to elect both a head of government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in 1997. Ever since, left-wing parties (first the Party of the Democratic Revolution and later the National Regeneration Movement) have controlled both of them.[21] The city has several progressive policies,[22][23] such as elective abortions,[24] a limited form of euthanasia,[25] no-fault divorce,[26] and same-sex marriage.[27] On 29 January 2016, it ceased to be the Federal District (Spanish: Distrito Federal or D.F.) and is now officially known as Ciudad de México (or CDMX), with a greater degree of autonomy.[28][29] A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, however, prevents it from becoming a state within the Mexican federation, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were to be relocated elsewhere.[30]