Modern architecture

Architectural movement and style / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Modern architecture (also called modernist architecture) was an architectural movement and style that was prominent in the 20th century, between the earlier Art Deco and later postmodern movements. Modern architecture was based upon new and innovative technologies of construction (particularly the use of glass, steel, and concrete); the principle functionalism (i.e. that form should follow function); an embrace of minimalism; and a rejection of ornament.[1]

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Modern architecture
VillaSavoye.jpg
Empire_State_Building_panoramic_Jun_2013.jpg
PlanaltoBr.jpg
Fagus_Gropius_Hauptgebaeude_200705_wiki_front.jpg
Fallingwater_-_DSC05643.JPG
Sydney_Opera_House_Sails_edit02.jpg
Top: Villa Savoye, France, by Le Corbusier (1927); Empire State Building, New York, by Shreve, Lamb & Harmon (1931)
Center: Palácio do Planalto, Brasilia, by Oscar Niemeyer (1960); Fagus Factory, Germany, by Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer (1911–1913)
Bottom: Fallingwater, Pennsylvania, by Frank Lloyd Wright (1935); Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia, by Jørn Utzon (1973)
Years active1920s–1980s
CountryInternational
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According to Le Corbusier, the roots of the movement were to be found in the works of Eugène Viollet le duc.[2] The movement emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II until the 1980s, when it was gradually replaced as the principal style for institutional and corporate buildings by postmodern architecture.[3]

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