Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Mohammad Khatami?
Summarize this article for a 10 year old
Muhammad Khatami (Persian: محمد خاتمی, romanized: Muḥammad Khātamī, born 14 October 1943) is an Iranian reformist politician who served as the fifth president of Iran from 3 August 1997 to 3 August 2005. He also served as Iran's Minister of Culture from 1982 to 1992. Later, he was critical of the government of subsequent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
|5th President of Iran
3 August 1997 – 3 August 2005
Mohammad Reza Aref
|Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
|Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance
9 November 1982 – 24 May 1992
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
|Mir-Hossein Mousavi (acting)
|Member of the Parliament of Iran
28 May 1980 – 24 August 1982
|Yazd, Ardakan district
(1943-10-14) 14 October 1943 (age 80)
Ardakan, Yazd Province, Imperial State of Iran
|Association of Combatant Clerics
|Ruhollah Khatami (father)
Sakineh Ziaee (mother)
|Mohammad-Reza Khatami (brother)
Ali Khatami (brother)
Mohammad Reza Tabesh (nephew)
|University of Isfahan
University of Tehran
|Iranian Imperial Army
|Years of service
|Second lieutenant; Financial specialist
|Tehran region 3 sustainment
Little known internationally before becoming president, Khatami attracted attention during his first election to the presidency when he received almost 70% of the vote. Khatami had run on a platform of liberalization and reform. During his election campaign, Khatami proposed the idea of Dialogue Among Civilizations as a response to Samuel P. Huntington's 1992 theory of a Clash of Civilizations. The United Nations later proclaimed the year 2001 as the Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations, on Khatami's suggestion. During his two terms as president, Khatami advocated freedom of expression, tolerance and civil society, constructive diplomatic relations with other states, including those in Asia and the European Union, and an economic policy that supported a free market and foreign investment.
On 8 February 2009, Khatami announced that he would run in the 2009 presidential election but withdrew on 16 March in favour of his long-time friend and adviser, former prime minister of Iran Mir-Hossein Mousavi. The Iranian media are forbidden on the orders of Tehran's prosecutor from publishing pictures of Khatami, or quoting his words, on account of his support for the defeated reformist candidates in the disputed 2009 re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
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