Mohammad Khatami

5th President of Iran from 1997 to 2005 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Muhammad Khatami (Persian: محمد خاتمی, romanized: Muḥammad Khātamī, born 14 October 1943)[3][4][5][6] is an Iranian reformist politician who served as the fifth president of Iran from 3 August 1997 to 3 August 2005. He also served as Iran's Minister of Culture from 1982 to 1992. Later, he was critical of the government of subsequent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[7][8][9][10]

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Muhammad Khatami
محمد خاتمی
Khatami in 2007
5th President of Iran
In office
3 August 1997  3 August 2005
Supreme LeaderAli Khamenei
Vice PresidentHassan Habibi
Mohammad Reza Aref
Preceded byAkbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded byMahmoud Ahmadinejad
Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance
In office
9 November 1982  24 May 1992
PresidentAli Khamenei
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Prime MinisterMir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded byMir-Hossein Mousavi (acting)
Succeeded byAli Larijani
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980  24 August 1982
Preceded byManouchehr Yazdi
Succeeded byMohammad Hosseininejad
ConstituencyYazd, Ardakan district
Majority40,112 (82.1%)[1]
Personal details
Mohammad Khatami

(1943-10-14) 14 October 1943 (age 80)
Ardakan, Yazd Province, Imperial State of Iran
Political partyAssociation of Combatant Clerics
(m. 1974)
Parent(s)Ruhollah Khatami (father)
Sakineh Ziaee (mother)
RelativesMohammad-Reza Khatami (brother)
Ali Khatami (brother)
Mohammad Reza Tabesh (nephew)
Alma materUniversity of Isfahan
University of Tehran
SignatureMohammad Khatami
WebsiteOfficial website
Military service
Branch/serviceIranian Imperial Army[2]
Years of service1969–1971[2]
RankSecond lieutenant; Financial specialist[2]
UnitTehran region 3 sustainment[2]

Little known internationally before becoming president, Khatami attracted attention during his first election to the presidency when he received almost 70% of the vote.[11] Khatami had run on a platform of liberalization and reform. During his election campaign, Khatami proposed the idea of Dialogue Among Civilizations as a response to Samuel P. Huntington's 1992 theory of a Clash of Civilizations.[12] The United Nations later proclaimed the year 2001 as the Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations, on Khatami's suggestion.[13][14][15] During his two terms as president, Khatami advocated freedom of expression, tolerance and civil society, constructive diplomatic relations with other states, including those in Asia and the European Union, and an economic policy that supported a free market and foreign investment.

On 8 February 2009, Khatami announced that he would run in the 2009 presidential election[16] but withdrew on 16 March in favour of his long-time friend and adviser, former prime minister of Iran Mir-Hossein Mousavi.[17] The Iranian media are forbidden on the orders of Tehran's prosecutor from publishing pictures of Khatami, or quoting his words, on account of his support for the defeated reformist candidates in the disputed 2009 re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[18]

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