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Mount Kilimanjaro (/ˌkɪlɪmənˈɑːr/)[4] is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It has three volcanic cones: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest single free-standing mountain above sea level in the world: 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level and about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) above its plateau base. It is the highest volcano in Africa and the Eastern Hemisphere.

Quick facts: Mount Kilimanjaro, Highest point, Elevat...
Mount Kilimanjaro
View of Kibo (5892 m) in 2006.
Highest point
Elevation5,895 m (19,341 ft) [1]
Prominence5,885 m (19,308 ft) 
Ranked 4th
Isolation5,510 km (3,420 mi) 
Listing
Coordinates03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E
Geography
Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro's location in Tanzania
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro (Africa)
Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro (Earth)
LocationKilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Parent rangeThe Eastern Rift mountains
Topo mapKilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski[2]
Geology
Age of rock4 million years
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionBetween 150,000 and 200,000 years ago
Climbing
First ascent(European) 6 October 1889 by Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller
Easiest routeHiking
Close
Mount Kilimanjaro from space, illustrating its diverse vegetation zones.[3]

Kilimanjaro is the fourth most topographically prominent peak on Earth. It is part of Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major hiking and climbing destination. Because of its shrinking glaciers and ice fields, which are projected to disappear between 2025 and 2035, it has been the subject of many scientific studies.

An aerial view of Kilimanjaro, taken while departing Amboseli Airport, showing a larger ice and snow cap in 1979.

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