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Muslims

Adherents of the religion of Islam / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Muslims (Arabic: المسلمون, al-Muslimūn, transl."Submitters [to God]")[25] are people who adhere to Islam, an Abrahamic religion. They consider the Quran, the foundational religious text of Islam, to be the verbatim word of the God of Abraham (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main Islamic prophet.[26] The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith).[27]

Quick facts: Total population, Founder, Regions with signi...
Muslims
Prayer in Cairo (1865)
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Total population
c.2 billion (2020)[1][2]
Founder
Muhammad
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia231,070,000[3]
 Pakistan213,161,100[4]
 India194,810,000[5]
 Bangladesh153,700,000[6]
 Nigeria99,100,000[7]
 Egypt95,000,000[8]
 Iran82,900,000[9]
 Turkey82,800,000[10]
 Algeria42,000,000[11]
 China40,000,000[12]
Religions
80–90% Sunni Islam[13][14]
10–20% Shia Islam[15][16][17]
~1% Ahmadiyya[18]
~1% Other Islamic traditions (Ibadi Islam, Quranism, etc.)[19]
Languages
Liturgical:
Quranic Arabic
Common:
Hindi–Urdu, Arabic, Indonesian, Bengali, Turkic languages, Iranian languages, and other languages of the Muslim world[20][21][22][23][24]
Close

As of 2020, with a population of approximately two billion people, Muslims comprise more than 25% of the world's total population.[28] In descending order, the percentage of people who identify as Muslims on each continental landmass stands at: 45% of Africa, 25% of Asia and Oceania (collectively),[29] 6% of Europe,[30] and 1% of the Americas.[31][32][33][34] Additionally, in subdivided geographical regions, the figure stands at: 91% of the Middle East–North Africa,[35][36][37] 90% of Central Asia,[38][39][40] 65% of the Caucasus,[41][42][43][44][45][46] 42% of Southeast Asia,[47][48][48] 32% of South Asia,[49][50] and 42% of sub-Saharan Africa.[51][52]

While there are several Islamic schools and branches, the two largest denominations are Sunni Islam (75–90% of all Muslims)[53] and Shia Islam (10–20% of all Muslims).[15][16][17] By sheer numbers, South Asia accounts for the largest portion (31%) of the global Muslim population, primarily across three countries: Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.[54][55] By country, Indonesia is the largest in the Muslim world, holding around 12% of all Muslims worldwide;[56][57] outside of the Muslim-majority countries, India and China are home to the largest (11%) and second-largest (2%) Muslim populations, respectively.[58][59][60] Due to high Muslim population growth, Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the world.[61][62][63]