Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Newcastle upon Tyne?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
Newcastle upon Tyne (RP: // i NEW-kah-səl, locally // i new-KASS-əl), or simply Newcastle, is a city and metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, England. It is located on the River Tyne's northern bank, opposite Gateshead to the south. It is the most populous settlement in the Tyneside conurbation and North East England.
Newcastle developed around a Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, the settlement became known as Monkchester before taking on the name of a castle built in 1080 by William the Conqueror's eldest son, Robert Curthose. It was one of the world's largest ship building and repair centres during the industrial revolution. Newcastle was part of the county of Northumberland until 1400, when it separated and formed a county of itself. In 1974, Newcastle become part of Tyne and Wear. Since 2018, the city council has been part of the North of Tyne Combined Authority.