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Nuba Mountains Union

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The Nuba Mountains Union (Arabic: اتحاد جبال النوبا‎) was a political party in Sudan. It was founded in October 1964.[1] The party was an alliance of tribal and political leaders in the Kordofan province.[2] The formation of the party reflected discontent with traditional parties, and was contemporary with other regional parties in north Sudan like the Beja Congress and the Darfur Development Front.[1][3] The call to form the party came from Nuba students at the University of Khartoum.[1][4] The party favoured bifurcation of Kordofan, creating a separate Southern Kordofan (including the Nuba Mountains) region.[1][5]

The party gathered Muslims, Christians and Animists, although it later suffered a split when Philipp Abbas (who had anti-Arab/anti-Muslim orientation) broke away from the party.[1][6]

In 1965 the party sent a petition to the Sudanese government, calling for economic and social development and the abolition of the Poll Tax in the Nuba Mountains.[1] The party won seven seats in the 1965 election, contesting as independents.[7][8]

The party contested two seats in the 1968 Constituent Assembly election, and won both.[9][10] In total the party obtained 3,171 votes (0.17%) of the national vote).[9][11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mohamed Omer Beshir (1 January 1979). Diversity, Regionalism, and National Unity. Scandinavian Institute of African Studies. p. 42. ISBN 978-91-7106-166-9.
  2. ^ ARR: Arab Report and Record. Economic Features, Limited. 1968. pp. 119, 144.
  3. ^ Fatma Babiker Mahmoud; Institute for African Alternatives (1988). Calamity in the Sudan: civilian versus military rule. Institute for African Alternatives (IFAA). p. 27. ISBN 978-1-870425-06-3.
  4. ^ Sudan Notes and Records. 61. Sudan Notes and Records. 1980. p. 10.
  5. ^ Statsvetenskapliga föreningen i Uppsala (1980). Skrifter. 86–87. p. 93. ISBN 978-91-38-05528-1.
  6. ^ Sayed Hamid A. Hurreiz; Elfatih Abdullahi Abdelsalam (1989). Ethnicity, conflict and national integration in the Sudan. Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of Khartoum. p. 227.
  7. ^ Peter Woodward (1990). Sudan, 1898-1989: the unstable state. Lynne Rienner. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-870915-08-3.
  8. ^ Peter Malcolm Holt; M. W. Daly (2000). A History of the Sudan: From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day. Longman. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-582-36886-6.
  9. ^ a b Timothy Niblock (25 November 1987). Class and Power in Sudan: The Dynamics of Sudanese Politics, 1898–1985. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 230. ISBN 978-1-349-08836-2.
  10. ^ Mohamed Omer Beshir (1975). The Southern Sudan: from conflict to peace. Barnes & Noble Books. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-06-490379-0.
  11. ^ Inter-Parliamentary Union. Sudan
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Nuba Mountains Union
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