Odia language

Indic language / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Odia /əˈdə/[8] (ଓଡ଼ିଆ, ISO: Oṛiā, pronounced [oˈɽia] (listen);[9] formerly rendered Oriya /ɒˈrə/) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the official language in Odisha (formerly rendered Orissa),[10] where native speakers make up 82% of the population,[11] and it is also spoken in parts of West Bengal,[12] Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.[13] Odia is one of the many official languages of India; it is the official language of Odisha and the second official language of Jharkhand.[14][15][16] The language is also spoken by a sizeable population of 700,000 people in Chhattisgarh.

Trilingual Signboard at Bhubaneswar Airport having text in Odia, Hindi and English

Quick facts: Odia, Pronunciation, Native to, Region, ...
The word "Odia" in Odia script
Pronunciation[oˈɽia] (listen)
Native toIndia
RegionOdisha[lower-alpha 1]
Native speakers
35 million (2011–2019)[1][2]
L2 speakers: 4 million[1]
Early forms
Odia script
Odia Braille
Kalinga script (historical)
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byOdisha Sahitya Akademi, Government of Odisha[6]
Language codes
ISO 639-1or
ISO 639-2ori
ISO 639-3ori – inclusive code
Individual codes:
ory  Odia
spv  Sambalpuri
ort  Adivasi Odia (Kotia)
dso  Desiya (duplicate of [ort])[7]
Glottologmacr1269  Macro-Oriya (Odra)
oriy1255  Odia
  Odia majority or plurality
  Significant Odia minority

Odia is the sixth Indian language to be designated a classical language, on the basis of having a long literary history and not having borrowed extensively from other languages.[17][18][19][20] The earliest known inscription in Odia dates back to the 10th century CE.[21]