cover image

Ontario

Province of Canada / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Ontario?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old

SHOW ALL QUESTIONS

Ontario (/ɒnˈtɛəri/ on-TAIR-ee-oh; French: [ɔ̃taʁjo]) is the southernmost province of Canada.[10][note 1] Located in Central Canada,[11] Ontario is the country's most populous province. As of the 2021 Canadian census, it is home to 38.5 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province by total area (after Quebec).[3][12] Ontario is Canada's fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area of all the Canadian provinces and territories.[12] It is home to the nation's capital, Ottawa, and its most populous city, Toronto,[13] which is Ontario's provincial capital.

Quick facts: Ontario, Country, Before confederation, Confe...
Ontario
Motto(s): 
Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin)
("Loyal she began, loyal she remains")
Coordinates: 49°15′N 84°30′W[1]
CountryCanada
Before confederationCanada West
ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec)
Capital
(and largest city)
Toronto
Largest metroGreater Toronto Area
Government
  TypeParliamentary constitutional monarchy
  Lieutenant GovernorEdith Dumont
  PremierDoug Ford
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Ontario
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats121 of 338 (35.8%)
Senate seats24 of 105 (22.9%)
Area
 (2021 land)[3]
  Total1,076,395 km2 (415,598 sq mi)
  Land892,411.76 km2 (344,562.11 sq mi)
  Water158,654 km2 (61,257 sq mi)  14.7%
  Rank4th
 10.8% of Canada
Population
 (2021)
  Total14,223,942[4]
  Estimate 
(Q4 2023)
15,801,768[5]
  Rank1st
  Density15.94/km2 (41.3/sq mi)
DemonymOntarian[6]
Official languagesEnglish[7]
GDP
  Rank1st
  Total (2022)CA$1,044.670 billion[8]
  Per capitaCA$69,288 (8th)
HDI
  HDI (2021)0.943[9]Very high (3rd)
Time zones
East of 90th meridian westUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
West of 90th meridian west, except Atikokan and Pickle LakeUTC−06:00 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
Atikokan and Pickle Lake (No DST)UTC−05:00 (EST)
Canadian postal abbr.
ON
Postal code prefix
K L M N P
ISO 3166 codeCA-ON
FlowerWhite trillium
TreeEastern white pine
BirdCommon loon
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Close

Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east and northeast. To the south, it is bordered by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. Almost all of Ontario's 2,700 km (1,700 mi) border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the westerly Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. There is only about 1 km (58 mi) of actual land border, made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border.[14]

The great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in Southern Ontario, and while agriculture remains a significant industry, the region's economy depends highly on manufacturing. In contrast, Northern Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation,[15] with mining and forestry making up the region's major industries.

Oops something went wrong: