Pan (god)

Ancient Greek god of the wilds, shepherds, and flocks / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (/pæn/;[2] Ancient Greek: Πάν, romanized: Pán) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs.[3] He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr. With his homeland in rustic Arcadia, he is also recognized as the god of fields, groves, wooded glens, and often affiliated with sex; because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and the season of spring.[1]

Quick facts: Pan, Abode, Symbol, Personal information, Par...
God of nature, the wild, shepherds, flocks, and mountain wilds[1]
Pan teaching his eromenos, the shepherd Daphnis, to play his pan flute, Roman copy of Greek original c. 100 BC, found in Pompeii.
SymbolPan flute, goat
Personal information
ParentsHermes and a daughter of Dryops, or Penelope
ConsortSyrinx, Echo, Pitys
ChildrenSilenus, Iynx, Krotos, Xanthus (out of Twelve)
Roman equivalentFaunus
Hinduism equivalentPushan

In Roman religion and myth, Pan's counterpart was Faunus, a nature god who was the father of Bona Dea, sometimes identified as Fauna; he was also closely associated with Sylvanus, due to their similar relationships with woodlands. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Pan became a significant figure in the Romantic movement of western Europe and also in the 20th-century Neopagan movement.[4]

Ancient Roman fresco of Pan and Hermaphroditus from the House of Dioscuri in Pompeii, now in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples

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