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Athletic training disciplines / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Parkour (French: [paʁkuʁ]) is an athletic training discipline or sport in which practitioners (called traceurs) attempt to get from point A to point B in the fastest and most efficient way possible, without assisting equipment and often while performing flips.[5] With roots in military obstacle course training and martial arts, parkour includes flipping, running, climbing, swinging, vaulting, jumping, plyometrics, rolling, and quadrupedal movement—whatever is suitable for a given situation.[6][7] Parkour is an activity that can be practiced alone or with others, and is usually carried out in urban spaces, though it can be done anywhere.[8][9] It involves seeing one's environment in a new way, and envisioning the potential for navigating it by movement around, across, through, over and under its features.[10][11]

Quick facts: Also known as, Focus, Country of origin, Date...
An athlete performing parkour
Also known asPK[1][2][3]
FocusObstacle passing
Country of originFrance
Date of formation1995–1996
Ancestor arts
Olympic sportNot currently; IOC discussions underway[4]

Although a traceur may perform a flip as well as other aesthetic acrobatic movements, these are not essential to the discipline.[12] Rather, they are central to freerunning, a discipline derived from parkour but emphasising artistry rather than efficiency.

The practice of similar movements had existed in communities around the world for centuries,[13] notably in Africa[14] and China,[15] the latter tradition (qinggong) popularized by Hong Kong action cinema (notably Jackie Chan) during the 1970s to 1980s.[15][16][17] Parkour as a type of movement was later established by David Belle when he and others founded the Yamakasi in the 1990s and initially called it l'art du déplacement.[18][19] The discipline was popularised in the 1990s and 2000s through films, documentaries, video games, and advertisements.[13][20][21]

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