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Parliament of India

Bicameral national legislature of India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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28°37′2″N 77°12′29″E The Parliament of India (IAST: Bhāratīya Sansad) is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President of India, in their role as head of the legislature, has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve the Lok Sabha, but they can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and their Union Council of Ministers.

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Parliament of India

Bhāratīya Sansad
Founded26 January 1950 (73 years ago) (1950-01-26)
Preceded byConstituent Assembly of India
Harivansh Narayan Singh[3], JD(U)
since 14 September 2020
Piyush Goyal[4], BJP
since 14 July 2021
Dharmendra Pradhan, BJP
since 17 December 2022
Mallikarjun Kharge, INC
since 1 October 2022
Pramod Tiwari, INC
since 13 March 2023
Rajya Sabha political groups
Lok Sabha political groups
Single transferable vote
Last Rajya Sabha election
10 June 2022
Last Lok Sabha election
11 April – 19 May 2019
Next Rajya Sabha election
2023 elections
Next Lok Sabha election
2024 elections
Meeting place
Sansad Bhavan
118, Rafi Marg, New Delhi, 110001
National Capital Territory of Delhi, Republic of India
Constitution of India

Those elected or nominated (by the president) to either house of Parliament are referred to as members of Parliament (MPs). The members of parliament of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the Indian public voting in single-member districts and the members of parliament of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of all state legislative assemblies by proportional representation. The Parliament has a sanctioned strength of 550 in the Lok Sabha and 250 in the Rajya Sabha including 12 nominees from the expertise of different fields of literature, art, science, and social service.[7] The Parliament meets at Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The Parliament of India represents the largest democratic electorate in the world (the second is the European Parliament), with an electorate of 912 million eligible voters in 2019. On May 28, 2023, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, unveiled and inaugurated the New Parliament House, located adjacent to the previous one.