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Piedmont (United States)

Plateau region located in the eastern United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Piedmont /ˈpdmɒnt/[1] is a plateau region located in the Eastern United States. It is situated between the Atlantic Plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching from New York in the north to central Alabama in the south. The Piedmont Province is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division which consists of the Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands, the Piedmont Upland, and the Piedmont Lowlands sections.[2]

The James River winds its way among rolling Piedmont hills in central Virginia. Most of the hills in the Piedmont region are smaller than these.
The Piedmont Plateau, looking east from Rocky Ridge in Maryland, c. 1898
The Piedmont plateau region (shaded)

The Atlantic Seaboard Fall Line marks the Piedmont's eastern boundary with the Coastal Plain. To the west, it is mostly bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains, the easternmost range of the main Appalachians. The width of the Piedmont varies, being quite narrow above the Delaware River but nearly 300 miles (475 km) wide in North Carolina. The Piedmont's area is approximately 80,000 square miles (210,000 km2).[3]

The French word Piedmont comes from the Italian: Piemonte, meaning "foothill",[4] ultimately from Latin "pedemontium", meaning "at the foot of the mountains", similar to the name of the Italian region of Piedmont (Piemonte), abutting the Alps.