# Point (geometry)

## Fundamental object of geometry / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In geometry, a **point** is an abstract idealization of an exact position, without size, in physical space,^{[1]} or its generalization to other kinds of mathematical spaces. As zero-dimensional objects, points are usually taken to be the fundamental indivisible elements comprising the space, of which one-dimensional curves, two-dimensional surfaces, and higher-dimensional objects consist; conversely, a point can be determined by the intersection of two curves or three surfaces, called a *vertex* or *corner*.

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In classical Euclidean geometry, a point is a primitive notion, defined as "that which has no part". Points and other primitive notions are not defined in terms of other concepts, but only by certain formal properties, called axioms, that they must satisfy; for example, *"there is exactly one straight line that passes through two distinct points"*. As physical diagrams, geometric figures are made with tools such as a compass, scriber, or pen, whose pointed tip can mark a small dot or prick a small hole representing a point, or can be drawn across a surface to represent a curve.

Since the advent of analytic geometry, points are often defined or represented in terms of numerical coordinates. In modern mathematics, a space of points is typically treated as a set, a **point set**.

An *isolated point* is an element of some subset of points which has some neighborhood containing no other points of the subset.